Ophthalmology is the study of the diseases and conditions which affect the eye and surrounding tissues. Your animal's eye is susceptible to many of the same diseases and condition as you are. Animals are susceptible to many congenital diseases (those present at birth), as well as numerous diseases acquired later in life. The most common eye diseases in animals include infection and trauma, and these issues often involve the superficial cornea, conjunctiva, and lacrimal glands (tear glands). At Memorial 610 Hospital for Animals, we utilize special stains to evaluate the surface of the eye to screen for ulcers or wounds. We also evaluate tear production by performing tear film tests routinely. Animals can also develop problems with the interior of the eye, which can affect the lens, retina, and internal fluid (or vitreous). Cataracts, glaucoma, retinal degeneration, and uveitis are just a few of the diseases of the internal eye that we see at our hospital. We utilize tonometry to measure the internal pressures of eyes, and we examine the interior of the eye using direct ophthalmoscopy. Many of these acquired diseases, including cataracts, can be treated through the use of medicine and surgery. At Memorial-610 Hospital for Animals, we routinely see diseases of the eyes and surrounding tissues. We treat many of these cases medically and surgically at our facility. We also maintain a close working relationship with several Board Certified Veterinary Ophthalmologists and refer cases to these specialists when indicated.